THE 7 VITAMINS YOUR SKINCARE NEEDS

Vitamins are needed for skin health not only internally (from your diet) but topically too (from the products you put on your skin). You probably know all about vitamins A, C and E but you may not have heard about vitamin the skin benefits of vitamin B, D, F and K.

VITAMIN A

Also known as retinal, retinol and retinoic acid. Great for stimulating cell renewal which encourages healing and boosts collagen production.

Ideal for ageing skin, but also helpful for acne prone skin.

Retinol can make your skin more sun sensitive so it’s best used at night. Make sure you wear spf in the day.

VITAMIN B

Specifically, B3, referred to as niacinamide.  Helps to even out skin tone making it ideal for tackling hyperpigmentation and acne scars. May help minimise the appearance of large pores and regulate oil production.

Ideal for uneven skin tones, acne, oily skin.

VITAMIN C

A powerful antioxidant to fight ageing free radicals that your skin comes into contact with daily. Great for evening out skin tone, reducing signs of ageing and brightening the skin.

Ideal for every skin type, uneven skin, ageing skin.

Best used in the day. Store away from direct sunlight to prevent oxidisation of the product.

VITAMIN D

Brilliant for reducing inflammation and traditionally used to treat damaged skin. Recent studies suggest it may be very beneficial to healthy skin too, by encouraging skin repair and renewal.

Ideal for very dry skin, eczema, psoriasis.

VITAMIN E

Often labelled as tocopherol or tocopheryl acetate in skincare. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that helps to prevent UV damage, which is why it is often added to sunscreen formulas.

It is soothing, hydrating, anti-inflammatory and helps to strengthen the skin barrier.

Ideal of dry, sun damaged, or scarred skin.

VITAMIN F

Ok, so technically this one is not a vitamin but in skincare, vitamin F refers to linoleic acid (an essential fatty acid rich in omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid rich in omega-3) which can be found in chia, flax, argan, rosehip, safflower, olive and sunflower oils.

Great for moisture balance, maintaining a strong and healthy stratum corneum (the protective outer layer of your skin), and is anti-inflammatory (so it shouldn’t aggravate acne prone skin).

Ideal for dry skin, atopic dermatitis (most common form of eczema) and healing the skin.

VITAMIN K

Essential in our diet for wound healing, topically vitamin K also encourages healing of sensitive damaged skin. It is often given to patients post-surgery to reduce swelling and bruising.

Ideal for compromised skin, scars, broken capillaries, rosacea, eczema, and potentially dark under eye circles.

NOTES

You don’t need to be using all of these vitamins in your skin care, just pick a couple you feel your skin could benefit from most. I’d say everyone can benefit from vitamin C, and vitamin A if you’re 30 + (or are in your 20’s + and dealing with acne).

I have recently upped my skincare game by incorporating vitamin A and C into my skincare routine. I use a vitamin C serum in the day (I’m trialling this one) and every other night I use a vitamin A serum (I’ve been using this one).

To get more bang for your buck, choose a serum formula. Typically, serums contain a higher percentage of active ingredients (the ingredients that target your skin concern). For example, if you want vitamin C to brighten your complexion, you’ll get a more potent dose of vitamin C in a serum than you would in a moisturiser.

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